The Minnesota Alliance for Volunteer Advancement (MAVA) has been conducting research and education on race equity in volunteerism for the past 5 years. Through our research we’ve learned that making small tweaks to problematic systems will not solve the issue of structural racism in volunteerism; instead we need to work with Black, Indigenous and People of Color (BIPOC) communities to co-create new systems that are rooted in equity.
MAVA was able to convene the necessary voices – community members and volunteers who identify as BIPOC - to learn more about systemic inequities in volunteer engagement and imagine new systems of volunteerism. We asked listening session participants about the barriers they perceived or experienced with regard to formal volunteer opportunities. Here are the barriers that were most frequently discussed throughout the listening sessions:
Formal systems, including forms, logging hours, background checks, and lengthy processes.
Time commitment and schedule.
Lack of compensation and incentives.
Lack of trust of organization.
Not invited to participate.
Prioritizing organization over people.
MAVA was fortunate in that listening session participants not only shared with us their experiences, but also their ideas for advancing equity in volunteerism. Here is what we heard:
Create different ways of volunteering, which may include different pathways for different people, removing barriers, and/or compensating volunteers.
Prioritize BIPOC leadership at organizations engaging volunteers.
Build trust between nonprofit organizations and BIPOC communities.
Foster a welcoming environment and culture within the organization and volunteer program.
Value people over organization – put the community’s needs first.
Understand systemic barriers – tear down and re-build when necessary.
MAVA analyzed the information provided through these listening sessions, reflected on our racial equity work in volunteerism over the past 5 years, and developed ideas for next steps to help you take action on the ideas communicated through these listening sessions.
At the organizational level.
Advocate for equitable hiring practices at your organization. Inform leadership of the importance of representation at both the staff and volunteer levels.
Promote an inclusive organizational culture by making equity, diversity and inclusion education a priority for you and your volunteers; speak up when you encounter biased or racist practices.
At the volunteer program level.
Listen to BIPOC voices. Convene listening sessions of BIPOC volunteers at your organization and potential volunteers within new communities you would like to engage; compensate participants and let them know how you use the information they provide.
Review policies and systems with an equity lens, including your volunteer application, handbook, background check policies, onboarding system, training practices, and recognition.
Educate volunteers on race equity topics. Build antiracism into your new volunteer orientation and present additional trainings on a variety of race equity topics.
Build relationships in BIPOC communities. Reach out to culturally-led organizations in your area, be present at community and cultural events, and do the long-term work to build authentic partnerships based on mutual trust.
At the individual level.
Prioritize your own equity education. If you have a budget for professional development, devote a significant portion to equity; spend time educating yourself through articles, books, movies, podcasts, and other resources.
Network with others doing work on race equity in volunteerism. Reach out to volunteer engagement colleagues at other organizations to help and support one another. Influence other groups or organizations you’re involved with.
Consider equity when encountering any volunteer systems, whether as a staff, volunteer, or community member, and challenge groups to prioritize equity in volunteerism.
These potential action steps are not designed to be prescriptive, but rather to offer volunteer engagement leaders ideas for how to use the information in this report to begin making change toward racial equity in volunteerism.